* petilasan panggung and pendopo agung trowulan
Petilasan Panggung is a sacred place where Raden Wijaya, the first king of Majapahit had contemplated and meditation before build the greatest empire Majapahit. The first thing he did after leaving Petilasan Panggung is open Tarik forest nearby the estuary of Kali Brantas (Brantas River) altogether with Mahapatih Gajah Mada. At Petilasan Panggung we can also find a big stone made from andesit which used for Gajah Mada’s horse and elephant.
Meanwhile, Pendopo Agung Trowulan is the center of its kingdom. Designated as a reception place for guests (the ambassadors, princes and other kings) also meeting rooms among Majapahit government body to take decisions. Here also, the representative of the Mongols Kubilai Khan met King Brawijaya
Within the same complex can be found Sumur Upas [Poisonous well] and Candi Tikus [Rats Temple]
* candi bajangratu
“Bajangratu” states from “bajang” (small, kid or dwarf) and “ratu” (king or queen). Means; a king who is crowned when he was a kid. This candi (temple) is dedicated to Prabu Jayanegara of Majapahit in his election day at 1250 Saka or 1328 (13th century)
Dimension: 11,5 x 10,5 metres square, height 16,5 metres, width from the entrance 1,4 metres. Divided by 3 themes; under, body and upper layers. At under body or foot of the candi, we can enjoy the reliefs of Sri Tanjung story. At the body, we can see patterns of Kala (bad giant) and Sulur (rattans and many kinds of leaves) then at the upper we can find the head of Buta (Kala), solar symbol, dragon, head of eagle and monocle cyclops (creature with one eye). Then at the south wing we can find the story of Ramayana.
* candi brahu and gentong
Unfortunately, Candi Gentong (means “jar” or big bowl made from terracota) still ruins and in excavation process right moment.
Meanwhile, the name Candi Brahu, taken from the Sanskrit word ‘Warahu’ or ‘Wanaru’. Based on Prasasti Alasantan (Alasantan Manuscript) written by Mpu (Master) Sendok at 861 Saka or 9 September 939, this temple is designated as a holy building, a crematory temple for the kings of Brawijaya. Dimension: 22,5 x 18 metres square, 20 metres height
* candi tikus
It’s about a “petirtaan” (drainage system for paddy fields) of Majapahit which situated lower underground. Dimension: 29,5 x 28,25 metres square, height 5,2 metres and 3,5 metres below ground level.
How the locals found the petirtaan of Candi Tikus begins when the farmers have to keep their rice terraces from the rats. A charmed ones got the message to put the water from Candi Tikus’ pool and put them at four directions of the paddy field. But another version says; literaly Candi Tikus begins when Mojokerto’s Major Mr. RAA Kromojoyo Adinegoro (1914) mobilized his people to kill the rats because this creature is the main enemy of their paddy fields. Wherever the rats run, he keep them anywhere too. Finally, he got this candi below the ground level.
* makam ratu chem-po
This is the tomb of Putri Champa [Cambodian Princess] which became a wife of Prabu [King] Brawijaya V. The story begins when Putri Champa and her brother, the Prince of Chenla visit Java island as the ambassadors. King Brawijaya V asked her to marry him meanwhile the prince became a prisoner. Then the Cambodian Prince back to Champa and becomes a king in Cambodia [King Jayavarman II]. Prabu Brawijaya and Putri Champa [read as ‘cem – pho’] had a son called Sultan Agung Demak.
* the graveyard of King Brawijaya V
This noble cemetery situated in the same complex of Tomb Puteri Champa. Trully romantic, since this king buried in the same place with his lovely wife Cambodian Princess.
* umpak majapahit and perang bubat battlefield
In the reigning era of last Majapahit’s king, there’s a great battle so called Perang Bubat [the end of the great war of Majapahit]. The soldiers put about 4 ‘umpak’ or more to tied up the elephants that can help them win the war. So many soldiers passed away in the battlefield, so does the enemies. And it was the beginning of muslim era and the last noble family decided to leave East Java to direction Bali and further away to Nusa Tenggara island.
* siti hinggil cemetery and water spring
Beside the graveyards of King Brawijaya V and his wife, there’s another noble family’s graveyard at Siti Hinggil or literally translated into Tanah Tinggi [my lingo] or the Highland [engilish]. Said as something high refer to its condition, a land that keep the dead bodies of the kings. And the loyal ‘juru kunci’ [the keepers] for sure. One of them is … Mbah Kasan Ulama.
miraculously to meet up with mr kasan ulama or addressed politely with mbah kasan. i met him twice, when i was 9 year old and 15 [hmm, in 15 i already used my excellent ‘bahasa jawi’ towards him, no need indonesian lingo🙂 ].
said that mbah kasan was the one among the last geniality of majapahit’s guardians and troopers, he’s the last juru kunci of the cemetery of majapahit kings. i love his way to explain about the history, with a very friendly way and his smile … seems he’s not very old. just 50 something. and the way he says “mantra” in front of his keris [kris or dagger] also inspiring me to learn more about my own history.
and amazing whenever i am back to trowulan and never find him anymore but his tomb. he just passed away in the age of … 230 years old!